New Mexico Annual Temperatures and Extremes
Avg High Temp
Avg Low Temp
Avg Annual Temp
|Avg # days > 90F||Avg # days < 32F||Record High Temp||Record Low Temp|
|Albuquerque||69.8||43.2||56.5||59||112||107 / 1994||-17 / 1971|
|Clayton||67.6||39.0||53.3||38||139||105 / 1924||-21 / 1959|
|Roswell||75.6||46.7||61.1||95||87||114 / 1994||-9 / 1979|
New Mexico's Temperature Records
- Hottest temperature ever recorded: 122 F, Lakewood, southeastern New Mexico, 7/27/1994
- Coldest temperature ever recorded: -50 F, Gavilan, northwestern New Mexico, 2/1/1951
- Hottest location ranked by highest average annual temperature: Jal, southeastern New Mexico, 63.9 F
- Coldest location ranked by lowest average annual temperature: Red River, northern New Mexico, 39.3 F
- New Mexico's record for most consecutive days with the high temperature equal to or exceeding 90 degrees
was set in June-Sept 1954 with 110 days at Gage, New Mexico. The record for most consecutive days with
the low temperature equal to or below 32 degrees was set in September 1960 through May 1961 at Gascon,
New Mexico with 256 days.
Mean annual temperatures in New Mexico range from 64 degrees Fahrenheit (° F) in the extreme southeast to less than 40 in the high mountains and valleys of the north; elevation is a greater factor in determining the temperature of any specific location than its latitude. This is shown by only a three degree difference in mean temperature between stations at similar elevations, one in the extreme northeast and the other in the extreme southwest; however at two stations only 15 miles apart, but differing in elevation by 4,700 feet, the mean annual temperatures are 61 and 45° F - a difference of 16 degrees or a little more than three degrees decrease in temperature for each 1,000 foot increase in elevation.
During the summer months, individual daytime temperatures quite often exceed 100° F at elevations below 5,000 feet; but the average monthly maximum temperatures during July, the warmest month, range from slightly above 90°F at lower elevations to the upper 70s at high elevations. Warmest days quite often occur in June. A preponderance of clear skies and low relative humidity permit rapid cooling by radiation from the earth after sundown; consequently nights are usually comfortable in summer. The average range between daily high and low temperatures is from 25 to 35 degrees.
In January, the coldest month, average daytime temperatures range from the middle 50s in the southern and central valleys to the middle 30s in the higher elevations of the north. Minimum temperatures below freezing are common in all sections of the State during the winter, but subzero Fahrenheit temperatures are rare except in the mountains. The lowest temperature recorded at regular observing stations in the State was -50° F at Gavilan (Rio Arriba County) on February 1, 1951.
The freeze-free season ranges from more than 200 days in the southern valleys to less than 80 days in the northern mountains where some high mountain valleys have freezes in summer months.
averages and extremes, Albuquerque
climate extremes/averages, precipitation and temperature data for all U.S.
Top 10 U.S. climate extremes
Data source: National Climatic Data Center